Manufacturing firms must organize themselves to accomplish the five functions described above. In the present section we consider the organizational functions within a manufacturing fin Many companies make hundreds of different products, each product consisting of individual components perhaps numbering in the thousands.
The task of coordinating all of the individual activities required to make the parts, assemble them, and deliver the product to the customer is complex indeed. lt is a problem in information processing. We therefore resort to the manufacturing model presented and expand our discussion of the information-processing activities that take place.illustrates the cycle of information-processing activities that typically occur in a manufacturing firm which produces discrete parts and assembles them into final products for sale to its customers. The factory operations described in the preceding section are pictured in the center of the figure. The information-processing cycle, represented by the outer ring, can be described as consisting of four functions :
- Business functions
- Product design
- Manufacturing planning
- Manufacturing control