Due to allotropy, the carbon forms many compounds. Another penults behavior of carbon is its ability to form longest chains with its own atoms.
The compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen in their molecular are called Hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are classified into two categories known as – open chain hydro carbons and closed chain hydrocarbons. Open chain hydrocarbons also called aliphatic hydrocarbons or acyclic hydrocarbons. All hydrocarbons are again classified as Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes. We have millions of orgasmic compounds. As number of organic compounds is very big, it is difficult to remember their names individually. To overcome this problem they have to be properly named. For this, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) has been formed.
This organization gives information about the nomenclature of organic compounds. Some important chemical properties of carbon compounds are 1) Combustion; 2) Oxidation; 3) Addition; 4) Substitution.
Some important carbon compounds are :
1) Ethanol (Ethyl alcohol)
2) Ethanoic acid.