A Sole Proprietorship consists of one individual doing business. Sole Proprietorships are the most numerous form of business organization in the India, however they account for little in the way of aggregate business receipts.
- Ease of formation and dissolution. Establishing a sole proprietorship can be as simple as printing up business cards or hanging a sign announcing the business. Taking work as a contract carpenter or freelance photographer, for example, can establish a sole proprietorship. Likewise, a sole proprietorship is equally easy to dissolve.
- Typically, there are low start-up costs and low operational overhead.
- Ownership of all profits.
- Sole Proprietorships are typically subject to fewer regulations.
- No corporate income taxes. Any income realized by a sole proprietorship is declared on the owner’s individual income tax return.
- Unlimited liability. Owners who organize their business as a sole proprietorship are personally responsible for the obligations of the business, including actions of any employee representing the business.
- Limited life. In most cases, if a business owner dies, the business dies as well.
- It may be difficult for an individual to raise capital. It’s common for funding to be in the form of personal savings or personal loans.
The most daunting disadvantage of organizing as a sole proprietorship is the aspect of unlimited liability. An advantage of a sole proprietorship is filing taxes as an individual rather than paying corporate tax rates. Some hybrid forms of business organization may be employed to take advantage of limited liability and lower tax rates for those businesses that meet the requirements. These include Company, and Limited Liability Companies (LLC’s).